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雅思口语中的“交通”话题大比拼

福州雅思培训作者:朗阁海外考试中心 时间:2017-11-07 17:46

摘要:9月 雅思口语 题库大换血,截止到本月的第二场考试,新入库的话题也算是尘埃落定。在众多新话题中,笔者发现交通类话题现在算是非常充实了,上个季度遗留在题库中的bus, public transport, describe a trip by bicycle,再加上回归的boat, describe a long car journey

 9月雅思口语题库大换血,截止到本月的第二场考试,新入库的话题也算是尘埃落定。在众多新话题中,笔者发现交通类话题现在算是非常充实了,上个季度遗留在题库中的bus, public transport, describe a trip by bicycle,再加上回归的boat, describe a long car journey,这一季的“交通类”话题的范围几乎囊括了“海陆空”,所谓盛况空前。所以在本篇文章中,笔者将分析各路交通选择的利弊,首先交通的种类基本可以分成两大类:

 
Public transport:It is a mode of transport in which number of passengers shares a common transport facility. It includes local buses. Its advantage is that all people travelling through it are charged equal and reasonable fare. But on the other hand, these buses and trains are over stuffed with passengers and there occurs a congested environment inside the vehicle making it difficult to travel through it.
 
Private transport:It is a modality of transportation in which people use their own vehicle for movement. It has advantage over public transport that it saves time, comfortable in travelling and allows wide use of vehicle according to schedule of the person using it. But it also increases environmental pollution. It is costly as there is shortage of petrol in many countries but its wide use over recent few years has proven that people can afford private vehicles now. Maintenance of vehicle is also a challenge.
 
如果再具体到某一种交通方式,我们可以从本季度的“新人”话题boat慢慢说起:
 
BOAT:
 
“Travel by boat”是此类话题的问题核心,而解决这个问题的关键是what kind of boat are we talking about?所以我们首先要弄清可以用来旅行的船到底有哪些种类;
 
第一种:the luxury ocean liners 
 
这类船就类似于泰坦尼克号的邮轮,豪华,巨大,穿梭于洲际之间,一般是跨国旅行,比如海洋量子号5天4晚上海-长崎的旅行,亦或是盛世公主号5天4晚上海-福冈的旅行。它的特点是舒适,享受,娱乐设施完善,是老年旅游团的热爱。
 
第二种: the cruise ships
 
这类船一般是观光船,比如香港维多利亚港湾的天星小游轮,游客可以一边吃着自助晚餐,一边欣赏维港迷人夜景。它的特点是可以欣赏到绝伦的景色,而不是为了赶路程。
 
第三种:the ferries
 
此类船只一般指穿梭于各个码头的轮渡,从江的一头渡到另外一头,运送旅客,比如南京中山码头的轮渡。它的特点是行程距离短,舒适度不高。
 
所以了解完boat指代的各类船只后,我们再来看第一部分相关的问题,思路就打开很多了。
 
BUS:
 
公交车是城市公共运输必不可少的一部分,它的优势非常明显: 
 
lHave the flexibility of different picking and dropping points making them very suitable for many people
 
lReduce road congestion
 
lLessen environmental damage
 
lLess costly since you don’t have to pay for insurance, car maintenance 
 
但是弊端也不少,最大的问题就是舒适度和隐私
 
lLack of privacy; with so many people sharing a confined space and some of them actually staring at you. 
 
lSometimes people don’t have good hygiene. 
 
lChances of theft and robbery; a lot of theft and robbery take place on moving buses. If you are not careful, you can easily become a victim
 
BICYCLE:
 
自行车的故事可以从Part1聊到Part3了,这类交通工具最大的特点就是绿色环保,锻炼身体一级棒了~
 
lGetting more exercise, which can help you develop stronger muscles and bones
 
lLosing weight, which can be a risk factor in a number of diseases.
 
lReduce blood pressure and blood cholesterol, which are risk factors for other diseases
 
lWhen you ride you can have a breeze of air in your face and the enjoyment of finishing a long ride or achieving a goal before you ride.
 
至于自行车的弊端,主要就是路程较长,骑起来容易疲劳咯~
 
CAR:
 
再来聊聊最后的private transportation; 私人汽车,第二部分的“汽车旅行话题”最后要让考生聊聊汽车旅行的感受,那感受就可以说正反面的任意一种了;
 
pros:
 
lEase of mobility; you can go wherever you want as long as the place is accessible by road. You can drive hundreds of miles without having to get off.
 
lComfort; the comfort provide by the cozy and air-conditioned interior of car. You can even rest and sleep in your car when you are tired.
 
lConvenience; you don’t have to wait for any schedule, driving anytime you like. Stash all your stuff in your car trunk and leave it until you feel like taking it out. 
 
lPrivacy; the privacy you get in your car is comparable to the privacy you get in your own home, you can turn the music up as loud as you want, singing at the top of your voice. 
 
Cons;
 
lStress in traffic; diving can be highly stressful when you are stuck in a traffic jam, which is a fact of life in cities, especially during the rush hour.
 
lRepair and maintenance; the car is a machine and it can’t turn without regular maintenance. The annual cost of serving, repairing and maintenance can be quite high depending on the type of your car and how you drive.
 
以上就是boat, bus, bicycle, car这四类交通工具的利弊分析。总体说来,考试的时候如果我们遇到交通类的话题,从速度,舒适度,环保,景色和费用这些角度去考虑,回答的思路就可以非常的广泛了。不仅仅单面考虑,我们甚至可以用上让步的表达思路,利弊都提及。所以攻克交通类话题,小菜一碟哦。

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