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雅思口语话题Part 2回答策略及解析技巧

福州雅思培训作者:朗阁海外考试中心 时间:2017-04-05 15:00

摘要:总的说来,“有礼貌的人”这个话题算是雅思口语的“老朋友”了。沉寂了一两年后,在2017年又重新回到了我们的视线,回归题库。有些话题看似简单,但烤鸭们真正想表达的时候又发现难以启齿,“有礼貌的人”就是这类话题的典型代表。

首先,题目是这样的

Describe the politest person you know

You should say:

Who this person is

What your relationship with this person is

What the person likes to do

And explain why you think this person is the politest

关键一:思路-形容词具体化

不难发现,这个话题的关键词是“polite”就像an interesting neighbor, a good parent,这些话题一样,考官让大家描述的这些话题都凸显出其人物的性格特点。而这些性格特点往往在我们在日常生活中容易忽略。因为中文的语言思维会让我们在聊天时对某一个人的性格下结论,而非延伸来聊为什么你认为这个人有礼貌或是他怎么有礼貌。所以思维的差异是难点之一。

其次形容词是一类很空洞的词汇,举个例子,任何一位优秀的小说家都不会写“公主善良,王子英勇,然后他们幸福的生活在一起了。”这样的故事,因为没有说服力,也不会有读者买账。但是如果你说“公主善良,她经常给穷人分发食物;王子英勇,他曾经单枪匹马战胜恶龙”,这样的故事就很有说服力,因为性格因具体而真实可信,而这里就是运用了例子在论证形容词。所以,人物类话题的描述,尤其涉及到性格特点这块,我们需要添例子有礼貌的具体体现比如

· He always says thank you to people, even for the slightest things.

· When we eat at a restaurant, he would say ‘thank you’ to the waiters and waitresses every time they bring a dish to the table.

· Whenever he gets off a taxi, he would always say ‘thank you’ to the driver.

· He might make a comment about how nice someone’s looking, or how good their cooking is.

关键二:语言-举例的表达方式 

解决了思路上的bug我们再来看看语言上的,既然我们需要举例来描述人物的性格,那么举例的表达储备,我们有多少呢?除了常规的表达,比如for example, for instancetake something or somebody as an example我们还需要一些句型来为添砖加瓦,因为句型也是雅思口语评分标准之一,以下就是列举

1. Just to give you an example……

2. Another example would be that…….

3. One other thing to mention would be that……

所以解决完这个话题的思路和语言,我们所有的要素结合起来,再添一些关于人物的基本信息的细节描述,组织成一篇答案,大家注意例文中标黄色的句型运用

Well, the person I’d like to talk about is a good friend of mine called Nick. He must be one of the most polite people I know, which I’ll come to explain in a moment.

 

But firstly, as for how I know him, well, we’ve basically known each other since primary school, because we were in the same class and we still see each other quite frequently. You know, if I feel like going out and doing something, I normally give him a call and see if he’s free to meet up.

 

And moving on to why I think he’s so polite, well it’s basically because he’s just got really good manners. And just to give you an example, he always says thank you to people, even for the slightest things. For instance, I’ve noticed that whenever we’re eating at a restaurant, he would thank the waiters and waitresses every time they bring a dish to the table. And another example would be that whenever he gets off a taxi, he would always say thank you to the driver, which a lot of people probably think isn’t necessary, but I’m sure the taxi drivers really appreciate it.

 

So yeah, that’s basically why I’d say he’s such a polite person, and one other thing to mention would be that he’s always very complimentary to people. For example, he might make a comment about how nice someone’s looking is or how good their cooking is, which I know might be seen as being a bit insincere, but I think he genuinely means what he says, at least most of the time anyway!

 

So, that’s pretty much it, I suppose.

由以上例文的示范,我们不难发现人物类话题描述的重点往往不在于人物的外貌特征描述,而在于其性格的刻画或是对你的影响,若是本末倒置,就会描述跑题。所以大家在准备人物类话题的时候,不需要背诵太多关于五官身材的词汇,而是尽量将描述的重心放在人物的细节刻画上,这样的表达才会考官留下深刻的印象。除此之外,性格的描述一定多用事实说话,事例必不可少,这样一来,描述的人物才会有说服力和可信度。由此可见,人物类话题并不是我们想象中那么缥缈,只要大家能将其具体化细节化即可a polite person你会描述了

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