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雅思口语话题之抽象物体类的分析

福州雅思培训作者:朗阁海外考试中心 时间:2016-07-04 11:52

摘要:通常而言,雅思口语话题可以分为人物,物品,地点,事件这四个大类。话题的分类标准很简单,就是判断该口语话题的中心落脚点。根据经验,我们会把所谓的东西归入物品类话题,例如电子产品,儿时的玩具,别人给的衣服等等。这些东西的共性则是都是看得见,摸得着较为具

通常而言,雅思口语话题可以分为——人物,物品,地点,事件这四个大类。话题的分类标准很简单,就是判断该口语话题的中心落脚点。根据经验,我们会把所谓的“东西”归入物品类话题,例如“电子产品”,“儿时的玩具”,“别人给的衣服”等等。这些东西的共性则是都是“看得见,摸得着”较为具体的东西。但是,在口语考题范围中,还存在着另外一些物品类话题,它们“看不见,摸不着”,例如:“网络,新闻,奖项,学科”等这类非具体类的物品话题被归类为——“抽象物体类”。

 

 

在描述具体的物品话题时,考生们往往会从描述物品的“外形”入手,例如描述该物品的“尺寸大小,颜色,价位,材质,功能特色”等。而对于这类抽象类话题的入手,难倒了许多考生,他们会发现无法再按照上述的套路去套用这类抽象物体,因为它们不具备所谓的“外形”。本文将对雅思口语中“抽象物体”考题作出归纳,将针对该类话题提出有效的解题方案,并具体举例分析该类话题来帮助考生们攻克此类难题。

首先,我们一起来看一下“抽象物体”在“信息类”方面的考察形式:

Describe a piece of local news that was interesting to you

Describe an interesting story from a TV program

Describe an article that you read from a newspaper or magazine

Describe a story or a novel that was particularly interesting to you

通过分析上述话题,可以发现上述的话题看似考察方面各不相同,但是它们的共性在于各自都有固定的“载体”,例如:新闻,电视节目,报纸,杂志,电影,小说…细细观察以后,我们应该不难发现,这些“载体”均是各类信息的表达形式。随着信息化时代的发展,很多类似或者雷同的信息在多种渠道上刊登或者发布,是很正常的事情。例如,某城市当天报纸上的重大新闻非常有可能在当天腾讯或者搜狐新闻中也可以看到,或者某杂志上的文章也可能在其相应的电子刊物中被刊登。

所以,由于信息的多元化,类似的信息出现在各种“载体”中是普遍的现象,这对于雅思考生们在准备口语素材的时候可谓是一个好消息。以下,以“新闻”为例。

感兴趣的当地新闻:

Describe a piece of local news that was interesting to you

You should say:

What the news was about

Where you saw/heard the news

When you saw/heard the news

And explain why it was interesting

Analysis:

对于这个话题,很多考生看到interesting这个字眼,第一反应就是准备往一则“有趣的新闻”上准备,然而,该题的含义是“描述一则感兴趣的新闻”。那么,时下人们热议的话题想必非“大白兔奶糖换包装提价热卖”这个新闻了。

Sample answer:

Talking about a piece of local news that was interesting to me, what comes to my mind first is the “ white rabbit candy” news, which was heatedly discussed from people around me and even to different media.

I heard the news from a local radio channel when I was on the way driving to work yesterday morning. It was said that the time-honored brand white rabbit creamy candy has changed its packing box from a traditional bag into a fashionable French tin box. Apart from the change of the packing box, the price of the candy has raised 9 fold than before. However, it is reported that the candy still has been sold out in many places under the high price.

The news caught the attention for many people and raised hot discussion for millions of people. As for why it was interesting to me, the primary reason may lie in that white rabbit creamy candy do have nostalgic meaning to me and also to a large group of people who are in the same generation. Besides, the change also symbolizes that our Chinese domestic brand will go global. Therefore, that’s why this news became a popular topic for people to talk about.

包装背后的故事(the story behind the design of packing box):

It is suggested that the new packing was designed by designers from a French designing company agnes b. The company was found in Paris in 1975, and it was a fashion brand. However, it has diverse range of business, such as cinema, restaurant, chocolate shop, and café…The company of white rabbit creamy candy spent one and a half years to negotiate the cooperation with the French designing company. Finally, the “pink red” and “pink blue” tin box were launched to the public.

据悉,新包装是由法国设计品牌agnes b. 旗下设计师设计的。该公司是1975成立于巴黎的时装品牌,但业务广泛,涉及电影院、餐厅、巧克力专卖店以及咖啡店等…大白兔奶糖公司花了一年半的时间与agne b.公司洽谈合作事宜,终推出了“粉红”和“粉蓝”两个铁盒包装。

关于新闻背后的热议:

Positive points:

1.回忆童年的味道(nostalgic meaning and childhood taste

2.高端的包装更适合送礼(high-end packing box would more suitable to present as a gift

Negative points:

1.价格太高,“爱不起”(the price is too high to afford

2.认为包装的变化只是“换汤不换药”,嗤之以鼻

Some people just turn their nose up, because they suppose that the candy just change in form, but not change in content.

所以,关于大白兔奶糖的包装变化引起了广泛关注,各方人士均表达了各自不同的观点,各大网络电视报纸等媒体也均有各种专题的报道。所以,结合上述素材,相信对于上述提出的几个当前的考题,如“感兴趣的当地新闻”,“电视上的有趣故事”,“报纸杂志上读到的文章”,“感兴趣的故事”等,均可在此基础上变化和发挥。

总结

本文以雅思口语话题分类中的小众类别“抽象物品类”话题为出发点,首先阐明了抽象物品类话题的分类定义以及与普通物品类话题的区别,并重点挑了该类别中的“新闻信息类”话题为例分析。通过选取时下热议的话题“大白兔奶糖更换高端包装”新闻为素材,为考生们在准备相关话题时提供参考。

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